Date: Monday, 15 May, 5:30-7:00 pm (CET)
Location: online on Zoom
The twin transition, green and digital, is being put forward within the European institutions as a central solution to combat the climate emergency. This technology-based transition – renewables, electric vehicles, green hydrogen, digitalisation – requires critical and strategic materials that are spread around the world. We are talking about copper, lithium, manganese, nickel, cobalt, graphite, rare earths, molybdenum, silicon, indium, gallium, germanium, chromium and a long etcetera. These materials are found in territories such as the high Andean salt flats between Bolivia, Argentina and Chile for lithium, the Katanga region in the Democratic Republic of Congo for cobalt, the Palawan archipelago province in the Philippines for nickel or Bayan Obo in China’s Inner Mongolia for rare earths, among many others.
European instruments such as the European recovery fund, NextGenerationEU or REPowerEU act as accelerators of the demand for technologies and, therefore, for the raw materials needed to manufacture them.
Faced with this situation, what are the impacts on the countries of the South? What are the alternatives to a new extractive cycle? Is industrialisation possible in the South? What are its limits? What clearly post-extractive policies can be envisaged?
- Zo Randriamaro, ecofeminist activist and human rights defender with a broad and recognised expertise in gender issues and sociology of development. Sociologist by training and founder and coordinator of the Centre de Recherches et d’Appui pour les Alternatives de Développement – Océan Indien (CRAAD-OI), a pan-Africanist organisation based in Madagascar that supports communities affected by large-scale extractivist projects in the mining and agricultural sectors.
- Pablo Solón, Bolivian researcher and activist at the Solon Foundation. Expert on Amazonia, climate change, water, rights of nature and systemic alternatives. He was part of the government led by Evo Morales with different responsibilities from 2006 to 2011. From 2009 to 2011 he was ambassador of the Plurinational State of Bolivia to the United Nations.
- Maurice Carney, executive director at Friends of Congo. He has worked with Congolese society for 25 years in its strategy for peace, justice and human dignity. For decades, Maurice Carneu has made the case for dignity and the inclusion of Congolese society in civil society in its efforts to achieve peace, democracy, food sovereignty and climate justice. He is a consultant for political leaders in the US, Canada, Latin America, Africa and the UN, as well as for other NGOs and foundations.
Recording from the webinar ‘The digital and green transition’s impacts on the Global South‘