Waste incineration with energy recovery in the NECPs of Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Poland and Slovakia
Briefing | 4 June 2019
Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Poland and Slovakia all plan to expand the use of waste incineration to generate energy (mostly heat) as part of their National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs). These plans will lead to much higher greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) emissions than could be achieved if the countries focused on waste management methods higher up the waste hierarchy, such as waste prevention, reuse and recycling. The plans are also inconsistent with a number of EU rules and policies. If implemented, these plans will financially crowd out prevention, reuse and recycling projects, thus slowing progress towards the fulfillment of the EU’s recycling targets, which none of the countries in this study are on track to meet. Finally, they will lock in carbon-intensive technologies.